Arctic wildfires emit 35% more CO2 so far in 2020 than for whole of 2019

"This is fine."

Smith also warned that some fires were destroying ancient peat bogs containing carbon that has accumulated over thousands of years, a process similar to fossil fuel burning.

Analysis performed by Smith, covering May and June of this year, suggested that about 50% of the fires in the Arctic Circle were burning on peat soils, with the vast majority of the fire activity occurring in eastern Siberia. [...]

In June, Russia's aerial forest protection service reported that 3.4m acres of Siberian forest were burning in areas unreachable to firefighters. Last summer, the Arctic fires were so intense that they created a cloud of smoke and soot bigger than the EU landmass.

The Bizarre, Peaty Science of Arctic Wildfires

[Peat is] made from slowly decomposing organic matter, like moss, that gradually builds up into a layer perhaps several meters thick. Given enough time and enough pressure, it will eventually harden into the undisputed heavyweight champion of carbon emissions: coal. [...]

When peat is wet, it's up to 95 percent water, but as it dries it condenses, turning into one of the most flammable substances in nature. "Drier and denser are the double whammy," says Waddington. "If those types of peatlands were to ignite, you can burn well over 1,000 years of carbon accumulation in one single fire." For every hectare, you might lose 200 tons of carbon into the atmosphere. The typical car emits 5 tons in a year.

And when dried peat burns, it burns in a super weird way. [...] When peat catches fire, say after a lightning strike at the surface, it smolders like a lit cigarette, gradually burning deeper and deeper into the ground and moving laterally across the ecosystem, carving enormous holes in the soil. "I've seen smoldering holes where I go inside and I disappear from the horizon," says Rein.

This three-dimensional fire continues for perhaps months at a time, gnawing both downward and sideways through carbon-rich material. "It's the combination of these two phenomena that leads to massive carbon emissions, massive damage to the ecosystem, massive damage to the soil and the root systems," Rein says. "You have to go to a different planet to find a more persistent type of fire."

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Dear Lazyweb, what's your favorite online comics shop?

I've been using Midtown Comics for several years now, and they're mostly fine, but there are some annoyances:

  • They have no recommendation or discovery mechanism to speak of.

  • When I read a review of a new series somewhere, it's usually 3+ months before it has been published, and until that happens, there's no magic button for me to press saying "send this to me when it's out." So I usually end up forgetting about it and missing it entirely.

  • If you subscribe to a series when it's at, say, issue 6, there's no way to tell them to start your subscription at issue 1, even if those are all in stock. Sometimes they ship issue 5, sometimes 7, so I either end up with dups or have to wait for two shipping cycles to figure out what I missed.

  • They have no way to subscribe to trades. Sometimes I'm happy waiting until 6 or 10 issues of a series have been bundled up into book form, rather than single issues.

  • For the Big Two / underwear pervert titles, I wish there was a way to say "omit any issues that are in any way a part of an 'event' or 'crossover' because I absolutely do not care and those are always awful." But I know we'll never get that.

Please note: I do not read comics digitally and am not interested in hearing about that. I like paper.

Update: I find myself now forced to delete every comment where, in answer to a question about online subscriptions, responds with "why don't you just go physically into a store, during a plague?" Fucking knock it off. No.


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