That's not this type of projection:
Imagine if the world was 2 dimensional, everyone would look like that
I've wanted to see something like this for a long time. Thanks!
I smell a new XScreenSaver hack!
John Snyder's 1987 book "Map Projections - A Working Manual" http://onlinepubs.er.usgs.gov/djvu/PP/PP_1395.pdf
Also USGS Professional Paper 1453, Synder's "An Album of Map Projections" which also includes forward and inverse math. Not available online.
I really like the ocean-centered projection at 01:15 of the video. I didn't look through all the 300+ pages, but do you know what that one is called?
Sure, let me look that up for you... Nope. Nuthin'. All the projections in that book are regular and don't have local regions of interest.