A Philippines judge who said he consulted imaginary mystic dwarves has failed to convince the Supreme Court to allow him to keep his job. Florentino Floro was appealing against a three-year inquiry which led to his removal due to incompetence and bias.
He told investigators three mystic dwarves - Armand, Luis and Angel - had helped him to carry out healing sessions during breaks in his chambers.
The court said psychic phenomena had no place in the judiciary.
"They should not have dismissed me for what I believed," Mr Floro told reporters after filing his appeal in May. In a letter to the court he said: "From obscurity, my name and the three mystic dwarves became immortal."
Article IX, Sec. 2, of the Tennessee constitution: "No Atheist shall hold a civil office: No person who denies the being of God, or a future state of rewards and punishments shall hold any office in the civil department of this state."
Article XIX, Sec. 1, of the Arkansas constitution: "No person who denies the being of a God shall hold any office in the civil departments of this State, nor be competent to testify as a witness in any court."
Article 37 of the Maryland constitution: "no religious test ought ever to be required as a qualification for any office of profit or trust in this State, other than a declaration of belief in the existence of God".
Article I, Sec. 4, of the Pennsylvania constitution: "No person who acknowledges the being of a God and a future state of rewards and punishments shall, on account of his religious sentiments, be disqualified to hold any office or place of trust under this Commonwealth."
This dual requirement of belief in a deity and in a retributive afterlife could block adherents of numerous lifestances, even some Christians. A liberal Protestant who believes in God but not in a literal afterlife, a Buddhist who believes in karma but not in a deity, or an Orthodox Jew who believes in God and an afterlife but not in reward or punishment after death - all could be barred from public office as readily as any secular humanist if this clause were enforced.