In fact, Sit/Lie fared poorly in most voting precincts where one can actually find homeless people sitting on the street.
Sit/Lie lost overall in District 5, which includes the Haight. In District 6, which includes the Tenderloin and Sixth Street, the city's most notorious Skid Rows, the measure won -- but just barely, and mostly because of support from voting precincts in Rincon Hill, South Beach. Sit/Lie lost among voters on Sixth Street and in the Tenderloin.
So where did Sit/Lie do well? The measure's margin of victory citywide was 23,000 votes, which is exactly the sum total of the winning margins Measure L enjoyed in supervisorial Districts 2 (Marina/Cow Hollow, Pacific Heights, Seacliff), 4 (Sunset/Parkside) and 7 (West of Twin Peaks, Ingleside Terrace, St. Francis Wood). In other words, in the San Francisco neighborhoods with a dearth of people using the sidewalks as a futon, Sit/Lie killed.
Peep the raw data for yourself, but here are some hand-picked nuggets to ponder: in posh Seacliff, Sit/Lie won by a 2-to-1 margin. In the Marina, Cow Hollow and Russian Hill north of Broadway, Sit/Lie won by a nearly 3-to-1 margin. And Sit/Lie's biggest win, an astonishing 5-to-1 pummeling, came in Senator Dianne Feinstein's Pacific Heights voting precinct, where 249 voters -- including, presumably, the former mayor and her husband, Richard Blum -- voted in favor of Sit/Lie, to 53 bum-loving rich folk against.
Wesson argues that even if the actual microbes are dead on arrival, the information they carry could allow life to rise from the charred remains, an idea he calls necropanspermia.
“The vast majority of organisms reach a new home in the Milky Way in a technically dead state,” Wesson wrote. “Resurrection may, however, be possible.”
The key lies in how much genetic information survives the trip, Wesson says. An organism’s genetic information is encoded in the sequence of nucleotides in their DNA. This information can be measured in bits in the same way as computer processes. Bacteria like E. coli, for example, carry about 6 million bits of information in their DNA.
Random chemical processes couldn’t produce enough information to run even a simple cell. Over 500 million years, random molecular shuffling would produce only 194 bits of information, Wesson says.
One possible way around this paradox is the idea that life on Earth was seeded by biological molecules that already had a large information content that survived the journey even though the molecules themselves were killed.
Wesson is a bit fuzzy on how that information would translate to new, healthy living things.
- New York - $13,962
- Boston - $12,826
- San Francisco - $12,641
- Chicago - $11,533
- Seattle - $11,350
APTA calculates the average cost of taking public transit by determining the average monthly transit pass of local public transit agencies across the country [...] then compares the average monthly transit fare to the average cost of driving. The cost of driving is calculated using the 2010 AAA average cost of driving formula. AAA cost of driving formula is based on variable costs and fixed costs. The variable costs include the cost of gas, maintenance and tires. The fixed costs include insurance, license registration, depreciation and finance charges. The comparison also uses the average mileage of a mid-size auto at 23.4 miles per gallon and the price for self-serve regular unleaded gasoline as recorded by AAA on November 8, 2010 at $2.85 per gallon. The analysis also assumes that a person will drive an average of 15,000 miles per year. The savings assume a person in two-person household lives with one less car.